There are three basic types of hearing loss: conductive, sensorineural and mixed.

Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Sensorineural hearing loss occurs when the hearing nerve is damaged and can’t send signals to the brain. This type of loss cannot be corrected by medication or surgery, but hearing aids are usually helpful. Causes of sensorineural hearing loss may include:

  • Natural aging process (presbycusis)
  • Noise exposure
  • Hereditary factors
  • Illness/traumatic injury
  • Ototoxic medication
  • Acoustic tumors
  • Diseases/illness

Conductive Hearing Loss

Conductive hearing loss occurs when sound is blocked by the outer/middle ear. This type of loss is usually treated through medication or surgery. Causes of conductive hearing loss may include:

  • Ear infection or middle ear fluid
  • Excessive ear wax (cerumen)
  • Stiffness in the middle ear bones (otosclerosis)
  • Ear drum perforation

Mixed Hearing Loss

Mixed hearing loss is a combination of both conductive and sensorineural hearing loss. Causes may include:

  • Aging process
  • Ear wax
  • Noise exposure
  • Middle ear fluid
  • Acoustic tumor
  • Perforated ear drum

The experienced audiologists at Ear Works Audiology will perform a complete hearing health screening to determine whether you have a loss and the best way to restore your hearing, if necessary. Contact us for your free hearing screening at any of our Long Island, New York offices. Hear better and live better with Ear Works Audiology.